According to the Food and Drug Authority (FDA), gingivitis is the most common and mildest form of oral disease in the United States. It is often unnoticed in its early stages because it is rarely painful. Common gingivitis symptoms include bleeding gums and red to purple-colored gums. If you think you may have gingivitis, Myrtle Beach dentists from Carolina Dental Center can help fix your problem.
Gingivitis is caused by the development of bacteria in the mouth. Mucus and other particles like food debris from sweet and starchy food form plaque, a sticky colorless substance that surrounds the teeth. Although plaque can be prevented through regular brushing and flossing, the leftover plaque hardens into tartar which can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist. If plaque and tartar stay on the teeth for a long time, they develop into harmful bacteria which cause gum infection.
This infection appears as reddish to purple inflammation in the gum area which easily bleeds even with gentle brushing. In its early stages, gingivitis barely hurts so most people assume their gums are normally tender and swollen. It is only when the gums recede and pain becomes apparent that the patient seeks the services of the dentist. Other common symptoms of gingivitis are bad breath, painful chewing, and loose and sensitive teeth.
The dentist Myrtle Beach has attributes forceful brushing and flossing as causes of gingivitis. Improper brushing and flossing techniques irritate and injure the gums making them prone to bacterial infection. Other factors that can lead to gingivitis include hormonal changes during pregnancy, diabetes, leukemia, HIV, and other immune system related diseases that slows down the body’s ability to protect itself from bacteria.
If remained untreated, gingivitis may lead to a more serious disease called periodontitis, where the inner gum and bone pull away from the teeth and form pockets. These pockets accumulate bacteria and debris, and aggravate the infection. The infection can then break down the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place. The ultimate effect of periodontitis is tooth loss.
The treatment for gingivitis controls the infection in the patient’s mouth. The frequency and types of treatment may vary depending on the severity of the teeth’s condition. Supplementary medication may also be prescribed to hasten and support the dental treatment.
Patients can make a commitment to good oral health through regular visits to their dentist. The dentists in Myrtle Beach SC recommend regular professional dental cleaning, and the maintenance of teeth and gums through proper brushing and flossing. Toothpaste and mouthwash containing fluoride are likewise helpful in preventing gingivitis.